Transnational urbanism revisited

  title={Transnational urbanism revisited},
  author={Michael Peter Smith},
  journal={Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies},
  pages={235 - 244}
  • M. Smith
  • Published 1 March 2005
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
This article revisits the research optic proposed in Transnational Urbanism to take stock of the field. Social relations ‘from the middle’ are conceived in two distinct ways in the field. Transnationalism ‘from in-between’ refers to actors who mediate between transnational actors ‘from above’ and ‘from below’. ‘Middling transnationalism’ refers to the transnational practices of middle-class social actors. Both are useful and potentially complementary. Research on transnational urbanism is aware… Expand
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