Transmitting biological effects of stress in utero: implications for mother and offspring.

@article{Reynolds2013TransmittingBE,
  title={Transmitting biological effects of stress in utero: implications for mother and offspring.},
  author={Rebecca M. Reynolds and Javier Labad and Claudia Buss and Pearl Ghaemmaghami and Katri R{\"a}ikk{\"o}nen},
  journal={Psychoneuroendocrinology},
  year={2013},
  volume={38 9},
  pages={1843-9}
}
The developing foetus makes adaptations to an adverse in utero environment which may lead to permanent changes in structure and physiology, thus 'programming' the foetus to risk of ill health in later life. Epidemiological studies have shown associations between low birth weight, a surrogate marker of an adverse intrauterine environment, and a range of diseases in adult life including cardiometabolic and psychiatric disease. These associations do not apply exclusively to low birth weight babies… CONTINUE READING
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