Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 through Breast-Feeding : How Can It Be Prevented ?

@inproceedings{Perre1999TransmissionOH,
  title={Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 through Breast-Feeding : How Can It Be Prevented ?},
  author={Philippe Van de Perre},
  year={1999}
}
One-third to two-thirds of maternal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection to breast-fed infants can be attributed to ingestion of breast milk. The presence of HIV-1 as cell-free and as cell-associated virus in milk has been documented. Several substances in breast milk may be protective against transmission, including maternal antiHIV antibodies, vitamin A, lactoferrin, and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor. The portal of virus entry in the infant’s… CONTINUE READING
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