Transmission and Diffusion

  title={Transmission and Diffusion},
  author={William Labov},
  pages={344 - 387}
The transmission of linguistic change within a speech community is characterized by incrementation within a faithfully reproduced pattern characteristic of the family tree model, while diffusion across communities shows weakening of the original pattern and a loss of structural features. It is proposed that this is the result of the difference between the learning abilities of children and adults. Evidence is drawn from two studies of geographic diffusion. (i) Structural constraints are lost in… Expand
The Interaction of Transmission and Diffusion in the Spread of Linguistic Forms
This paper explores the relationship between transmission and diffusion with data on the use of two innovative features, habitual invariant be and quotative be like, across four generations ofExpand
Expanding the transmission/diffusion dichotomy: Evidence from Canada
We present analyses of linguistic features undergoing change in South Eastern Ontario, Canada: stative possession, deontic modality, intensifiers, and quotatives. The largest urban center of theExpand
Transmission and diffusion: Linguistic change in the regional French of Béarn
This article examines the seemingly dichotomous linguistic processes of transmission and diffusion (Labov, 2007 ) in the regional variety of French spoken in Bearn, southwestern France. Using aExpand
An Agent-Based Computational Interpretation of the Transmission and Diffusion of Vowel Chain Shifts across Large Communities
The value of computational modeling of language variation and change has been demonstrated by Baxter et al. [2009, Language Variation and Change 21:257-96] and Fagyal et al. [2010, LinguaExpand
Revisiting transmission and diffusion: An agent-based model of vowel chain shifts across large communities
Abstract In this study, we present the first agent-based simulation of vowel chain shifts across large communities, providing a parsimonious reinterpretation of Labov's (2007) notions ofExpand
S-curves and the mechanisms of propagation in language change
The model suggests that the widely observed empirical pattern of an S-curve temporal trajectory of change can be captured only if the mechanisms for propagation include replicator selection, that is, differential weighting of the competing variants in a change, except under highly specialized circumstances that probably do not hold in speech communities in general. Expand
The role of the Avant Garde in linguistic diffusion
  • W. Labov
  • History
  • Language Variation and Change
  • 2018
Abstract The spread of the new quotative be like throughout the English-speaking world is a change from above for each community that receives it. Diffusion of this form into Philadelphia is tracedExpand
Measuring the diffusion of linguistic change
  • J. Nerbonne
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
This work examines situations in which linguistic changes have probably been propagated via normal contact as opposed to via conquest, recent settlement and large-scale migration, and examines some simulations of diffusion to shed light on what sort of dynamic in the diffusion of individual features is compatible with Séguy's curve. Expand
Modeling the spatial dynamics of culture spreading in the presence of cultural strongholds.
A minimal model is constructed, based on shared properties of linguistic maps, that shows that spreading of information over Japan in the premodern time can be described by an Eden growth process with noise levels corresponding to coherent spatial patches of sizes given by a single day's walk. Expand
Inferring Leadership Structure from Data on a Syntax Change in English
  • W. G. Mitchener
  • Computer Science
  • Scientific Applications of Language Methods
  • 2010
This project demonstrates how data and techniques from different subfields of linguistics can be combined within a mathematical model to reveal other- wise inaccessible information about language variation and change. Expand


Some patterns of linguistic diffusion
Data from the random sample telephone survey portion of a Survey of Oklahoma Dialects (SOD) is used to explore the spatial diffusion of linguistic innovations in Oklahoma and shows that, whereas some linguistic innovations diffuse hierarchically, others diffuse contrahierarchically, while still others diffuse in complex patterns that show characteristics of both contagious and hierarchical diffusion. Expand
Geolinguistic diffusion and the U.S.–Canada border
The way in which language changes diffuse over space—geolinguistic diffusion—is a central problem of both historical linguistics and dialectology. Trudgill (1974) proposed that distance, population,Expand
Linguistic Change and Diffusion: Description and Explanation in Sociolinguistic Dialect Geography.
Linguistic geography has remained relatively unaffected by recent developments in sociolinguistic theory and method and theoretical geography. In this paper it is argued that insights and techniquesExpand
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St. Louis, Missouri, though located in the central Midlands, is a complex city dialectally. Nevertheless, over the past 50 years most dialectologists and sociolinguists have identified the area asExpand
Social dialectology : in honour of Peter Trudgill
1. Acknowledgements 2. Introduction (by Britain, David) 3. Pursuing the cascade model (by Labov, William) 4. Complementary approaches to the diffusion of standard features in a local community (byExpand
Individual roles in a real-time change: Montreal (r->R) 1947-1995
The As. investigate the relationship between language change in the community and change and stability of individual linguistic systems over their lifetimes. They examine the transition betweenExpand
The Speech Island of the American Bottoms: A Problem in Social History
W ITHIN A FEW YEARS, several new linguistic atlases for regions of the United States will be in print. Their maps will raise questions about the social forces active in this country a century andExpand
Linguistic Outcomes of Language Contact
In virtually every country in the world at the inception of the 21 century, linguistic minorities can be found. These have arisen both through immigration and through the adoption – often, but notExpand