Transmission and Diffusion

  title={Transmission and Diffusion},
  author={William Labov},
  pages={344 - 387}
  • W. Labov
  • Published 23 July 2007
  • History
  • Language
The transmission of linguistic change within a speech community is characterized by incrementation within a faithfully reproduced pattern characteristic of the family tree model, while diffusion across communities shows weakening of the original pattern and a loss of structural features. It is proposed that this is the result of the difference between the learning abilities of children and adults. Evidence is drawn from two studies of geographic diffusion. (i) Structural constraints are lost in… 

The Interaction of Transmission and Diffusion in the Spread of Linguistic Forms

This paper explores the relationship between transmission and diffusion with data on the use of two innovative features, habitual invariant be and quotative be like, across four generations of

Expanding the transmission/diffusion dichotomy: Evidence from Canada

We present analyses of linguistic features undergoing change in South Eastern Ontario, Canada: stative possession, deontic modality, intensifiers, and quotatives. The largest urban center of the

Transmission and diffusion: Linguistic change in the regional French of Béarn

This article examines the seemingly dichotomous linguistic processes of transmission and diffusion (Labov, 2007 ) in the regional variety of French spoken in Bearn, southwestern France. Using a

An Agent-Based Computational Interpretation of the Transmission and Diffusion of Vowel Chain Shifts across Large Communities

The value of computational modeling of language variation and change has been demonstrated by Baxter et al. [2009, Language Variation and Change 21:257-96] and Fagyal et al. [2010, Lingua

Revisiting transmission and diffusion: An agent-based model of vowel chain shifts across large communities

Abstract In this study, we present the first agent-based simulation of vowel chain shifts across large communities, providing a parsimonious reinterpretation of Labov's (2007) notions of

S-curves and the mechanisms of propagation in language change

The model suggests that the widely observed empirical pattern of an S-curve temporal trajectory of change can be captured only if the mechanisms for propagation include replicator selection, that is, differential weighting of the competing variants in a change, except under highly specialized circumstances that probably do not hold in speech communities in general.

The role of the Avant Garde in linguistic diffusion

  • W. Labov
  • Linguistics
    Language Variation and Change
  • 2018
Abstract The spread of the new quotative be like throughout the English-speaking world is a change from above for each community that receives it. Diffusion of this form into Philadelphia is traced

Measuring the diffusion of linguistic change

  • J. Nerbonne
  • Linguistics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
This work examines situations in which linguistic changes have probably been propagated via normal contact as opposed to via conquest, recent settlement and large-scale migration, and examines some simulations of diffusion to shed light on what sort of dynamic in the diffusion of individual features is compatible with Séguy's curve.

Modeling the spatial dynamics of culture spreading in the presence of cultural strongholds.

A minimal model is constructed, based on shared properties of linguistic maps, that shows that spreading of information over Japan in the premodern time can be described by an Eden growth process with noise levels corresponding to coherent spatial patches of sizes given by a single day's walk.

Inferring Leadership Structure from Data on a Syntax Change in English

This project demonstrates how data and techniques from different subfields of linguistics can be combined within a mathematical model to reveal other- wise inaccessible information about language variation and change.



Some patterns of linguistic diffusion

Data from the random sample telephone survey portion of a Survey of Oklahoma Dialects (SOD) is used to explore the spatial diffusion of linguistic innovations in Oklahoma and shows that, whereas some linguistic innovations diffuse hierarchically, others diffuse contrahierarchically, while still others diffuse in complex patterns that show characteristics of both contagious and hierarchical diffusion.

Linguistic change and diffusion: description and explanation in sociolinguistic dialect geography

  • P. Trudgill
  • Linguistics, Sociology
    Language in Society
  • 1974
ABSTRACT Linguistic geography has remained relatively unaffected by recent developments in sociolinguistic theory and method and theoretical geography. In this paper it is argued that insights and

Geolinguistic diffusion and the U.S.–Canada border

The way in which language changes diffuse over space—geolinguistic diffusion—is a central problem of both historical linguistics and dialectology. Trudgill (1974) proposed that distance, population,

THE PHILADELPHIA STORYPrinciples of Linguistic Change Volume 2, Social Factors

This volume presents the long-anticipated results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change. • Written by one of the founders of modern

Small-Town Values and Big-City Vowels: A Study of the Northern Cities Shift in Michigan

This book presents a sociolinguistic study of the Northern Cities Shift, a complex pattern of vowel changes heard across the traditional Inland North dialect region of the United States. The study

The child as linguistic historian

  • W. Labov
  • Linguistics
    Language Variation and Change
  • 1989
ABSTRACT Though the diachronic dimension of linguistic variation is often identified with linguistic change, many stable linguistic variables with no synchronic motivation show historical continuity

Language variation and change in the urban midwest: The case of St. Louis, Missouri

St. Louis, Missouri, though located in the central Midlands, is a complex city dialectally. Nevertheless, over the past 50 years most dialectologists and sociolinguists have identified the area as

Social dialectology : in honour of Peter Trudgill

1. Acknowledgements 2. Introduction (by Britain, David) 3. Pursuing the cascade model (by Labov, William) 4. Complementary approaches to the diffusion of standard features in a local community (by

Individual roles in a real-time change: Montreal (r->R) 1947-1995

The As. investigate the relationship between language change in the community and change and stability of individual linguistic systems over their lifetimes. They examine the transition between

Phonological change and the development of an urban dialect in Illinois

ABSTRACT The distribution of raised, nasalized variants of /æ/ in such words as hat, bag, and back in the speech of many Illinoisans cannot be explained by geographical or historical processes;