Transmission X-ray Diffraction Technique for Measuring Crystalline Swelling of Smectites in Electrolyte Solutions *

  • Electrolyte Solutions
  • Published 2006


The crystalline swelling of smectites in electrolyte solutions can be controlled by varying the salt concentration of the solutions (Norrish and Quirk 1954, Norrish 1954a, Slade et al 1991). Such osmotic control offers a convenient means of studying the energetics of crystalline swelling. Several X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques have been developed for… (More)

2 Figures and Tables


  • Presentations referencing similar topics