Transmigration in Indonesia: Lessons from Its Environmental and Social Impacts

  title={Transmigration in Indonesia: Lessons from Its Environmental and Social Impacts
  author={Philip Martin Fearnside},
  journal={Environmental Management},
  • P. Fearnside
  • Published 1 July 1997
  • Economics
  • Environmental Management
This article identifies the lessons learned from transmigration programs in Indonesia during 1976-89 and describes briefly the history and types of transmigration in Indonesia the World Bank project the demographic and agricultural benefits and the environmental and social impacts. During transmigration millions of people from overcrowded islands of Java Madura Bali and Lombok were resettled in the outer islands of Sumatra Kalimantan Sulawesi and Irian Jaya. The World Bank which funded the… 

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