Translocation 8;21 associated with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia in a Down syndrome child.

A boy with Down syndrome who developed acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL/M2) at the age of 40 months is presented. Chromosomal analysis of cultured peripheral blood cells without mitogen revealed a constitutional abnormality, trisomy 21, associated with the acquired chromosome change t(8;21)(q22;q22).