Transits of Venus and the Astronomical Unit

@article{Teets2003TransitsOV,
  title={Transits of Venus and the Astronomical Unit},
  author={Donald Teets},
  journal={Mathematics Magazine},
  year={2003},
  volume={76},
  pages={335 - 348}
}
  • D. Teets
  • Published 1 December 2003
  • Physics, Geology
  • Mathematics Magazine
Our story starts with the German astronomer Johannes Kepler in the early part of the seventeenth century. Though Kepler never witnessed a transit himself, his significance in the story is enormous for two reasons. First, according to Kepler's Third Law, as it is now known, the ratio of the square of a planet's orbital period to the cube of its mean distance from the Sun is the same for all planets. From this law, the relative scale of the solar system can be determined simply by observing the… 
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OF VENUS 1032 AD
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XLVII. Second paper concerning the parallax of the Sun determined from the observations of the late transit of Venus, in which this subject is treated of more at length, and the quantity of the parallax more fully ascertained.
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In the last volume of the Memoirs of the Royal Academy at Paris for the year 1761, there is a Memoir by M. Pingré, who went to the island of Rodrigues, and observed the transit of Venus there; in
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This exercise explores the motion of a particle in a spherical Coulomb potential. The equations of motion are similar to those for a planet orbiting the sun: the radial acceleration varies inversely
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This article explains the significance of a transit of Venus and relates scientists' efforts at making precise observations of transits over the past 250 years.
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The Basics The Two-Body Problem Coordinate Systems and Time Systems Corrections to Coordinates Odds and Ends Other Soluble Problems Laplacian-Type Initial Orbit Determination Gaussian-Type Initial
The Transits of Venus: A Study of Eighteenth-Century Science
Book-Review - Measuring the Universe
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