Transitions from Postcommunism

  title={Transitions from Postcommunism},
  author={Michael Mcfaul},
  journal={Journal of Democracy},
  pages={19 - 5}
The years since 2000 have seen a surprising new wave of democratic breakthroughs in the postcommunist countries of Serbia, Georgia, and Ukraine. This article compares and contrasts these three cases, naming seven common factors which made the breakthroughs in these countries possible: 1) a semi-autocratic rather than fully autocratic regime; 2) an unpopular incumbent; 3) a united and organized opposition; 4) an ability quickly to drive home the point that voting results were falsified, 5… Expand
International Diffusion and Postcommunist Electoral Revolutions
Abstract Over the past decade, a number of elections in postcommunist regimes perched between democracy and dictatorship have led to the triumph of liberal oppositions over illiberal incumbents orExpand
Favorable Conditions and Electoral Revolutions
From 1996 to 2005 a wave of electoral revolutions swept through east Central Europe, the Balkans, and Soviet successor states. The success of these revolutions and their concentration in theExpand
Rose, Orange, and Tulip: The failed post-Soviet revolutions
Abstract In 2003–2005, democratic revolutions overthrew the Georgian, Ukrainian, and Kyrgyz post-Soviet authoritarian regimes. However, disillusioned citizens witness today their new leaders creatingExpand
Democratic Breakthroughs and Revolutions in Five Postcommunist Countries: Comparative Perspectives on the Fourth Wave
The democratic breakthroughs and revolutions of 1998-2004 for Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia, Georgia, and Ukraine constituted a second phase of their transformation as postcommunist states. All fiveExpand
Diverging Party Outcomes in Hybrid Regimes: The Cases of Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro
Introduction Contrary to 'overly optimistic' scholarly expectations (Levitsky and Way, 2002), transitions from authoritarianism in the last quarter of the preceding century have, in rare instancesExpand
The Surprising Instability of Competitive Authoritarianism
Abstract:After many countries that had embarked upon transitions in the 1980s and 1990s failed to become consolidated democracies, political scientists highlighted the widespread emergence of hybridExpand
Transnational Networks, Diffusion Dynamics, and Electoral Change in the Postcommunist World
This paper analyzes the cross-national diffusion of an innovative set of electoral strategies that oppositions and their allies used to defeat authoritarian leaders or their anointed successors inExpand
Moldova Between Europe and Russia: Inoculating Against the Colored Contagion?
In the elections of March 6, 2005, the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) won re-election in an OSCE-approved parliamentary vote lacking large-scale electoral fraud and widespreadExpand
Anti-Revolutionary measures of the Post-Soviet regimes
In 2000-2005 four post-Soviet leaders-Milosevic (Serbia 2000); Shevardnadze (Georgia 2003); Kuchma (Ukraine 2004); and Akaev (Kyrgyzstan 2005) found themselves stripped of power as a result of a newExpand
Explaining the success and failure of post-communist revolutions
Abstract Since 1999, the post-Communist states have seen a series of attempts to overthrow semi-authoritarian governments, with the successful attempts known as the “colored revolutions.” However,Expand


The Fourth Wave of Democracy and Dictatorship: Noncooperative Transitions in the Postcommunist World
The transition from communism in Europe and the former Soviet Union has only sometimes produced a transition to democracy. Since the crumbling of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the collapse of theExpand
The Political Economy of Postsocialism
There were two good reasons to expect that developments after socialism, whether in the former Soviet Union or in east central Europe, would follow a roughly similar course.' The first was theExpand
Elections Without Democracy: The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism
The post–Cold War world has been marked by the proliferation of hybrid political regimes. In different ways, and to varying degrees, polities across much of Africa (Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia,Expand
Uncharted Journey: Promoting Democracy in the Middle East
The United States faces no greater challenge today than successfully fulfilling its new ambition of helping bring about a democratic transformation of the Middle East. Uncharted Journey contributes aExpand
Enough! : the Rose Revolution in the Republic of Georgia 2003
The Rose Revolution: A Chronicle and Images Interviews Articles The Meaning of Georgias Latest Revolution The End of the Age of the Nomenklatura in Georgia Contextualising the Rose Revolution TheExpand
Elections Without Democracy: Thinking About Hybrid Regimes
Many countries have adopted the form of democracy with little of its substance.This makes the task of classifying regimes more difficult,but also more important.
From mobilization to revolution
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El reciente fallecimiento del sociólogo e historiador Charles Tilly (Lombard, Illinois, 1929-Bronx, Nueva York, 2008) puede servir de pretexto para rememorar una trayectoria investigadora sin dudaExpand
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Liberalization Versus Democracy: Understanding Arab Political Reform
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