Transitional optics: Exploring liminal spaces after conflict

@article{Murphy2018TransitionalOE,
  title={Transitional optics: Exploring liminal spaces after conflict},
  author={Joanne Murphy and Sara Mcdowell},
  journal={Urban Studies},
  year={2018},
  volume={56},
  pages={2499 - 2514}
}
The purpose of this article is to engage in a new conceptualisation of liminality, as it applies to space and place in societies emerging from conflict but not yet at peace. We adopt a case study approach of two urban environments: Derry/Londonderry, a city that experienced acute levels of violence during the Northern Ireland conflict, and Bilbao, the largest city in the Basque Country, which has been at the crux of the cultural and economic struggle for Basque independence. The visual, built… 
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