Transition to Democracy or Hybrid Regime? The Dynamics and Outcomes of Democratization in Myanmar

@article{Stokke2019TransitionTD,
  title={Transition to Democracy or Hybrid Regime? The Dynamics and Outcomes of Democratization in Myanmar},
  author={Kristian Stokke and Soe Myint Aung},
  journal={The European Journal of Development Research},
  year={2019},
  volume={32},
  pages={274-293}
}
This article analyzes Myanmar’s transition from authoritarianism and asks if it represents a transition towards democracy or a hybrid form of rule. Starting from theoretical debates about modes of transition, the article examines competing discourses on Myanmar’s opening and argues that it resembles an imposed more than a negotiated transition. Next, the article analyzes the links between this mode of transition and its outcomes, and finds that contemporary Myanmar is characterized by a… 
The Emergence of a Hybrid Public Sphere in Myanmar: Implications for Democratisation
Abstract Myanmar was under a military government for almost six decades, during which time the state maintained an ‘authoritarian public sphere’ that limited independent civil society, mass media and
Theoretical Framework of Democratic Transition: Mechanisms of Democratization
Democratic transition from authoritarian rule has been an important focus of scholarly interest since 1970s. The democratic transition literature presented many concepts, theoretical arguments,
Why the NLD fails to consolidate democratic transition in Myanmar
  • Zayar Lay Swe
  • Political Science
    Asian Journal of Comparative Politics
  • 2021
The general populace in Myanmar, as well as international observers, have expected that the National League for Democracy (NLD) would be able to consolidate democratic transition, since the latter
Taking Stock of Myanmar’s Political Transformation since 2011
For the most time since independence in 1948, Myanmar had been ruled by a ruthless military junta which also controlled large swathes of the economy. In 2008, the military promulgated, as part of its
Perceptions of Rights and the Politics of Humanitarian Aid in Myanmar
Actors in the humanitarian sector often find themselves torn between their prime objective of alleviating suffering through realizing the humanitarian imperative and the broader agenda of addressing
On Trade, Distributional Conflict, and Endogenous Regime Change
Can we expect shocks in trade openness to affect the quality of the domestic political process, and in what way? Isolating cross-country heterogeneity in the distributional effects of trade shocks
Introduction: Development Challenges in Myanmar: Political Development and Politics of Development Intertwined
Myanmar faces enormous development challenges in the midst of a rapidly changing and uncertain landscape both in terms of politics and international aid. This article probes into the intertwined
Political Representation by Ethnic Parties? Electoral Performance and Party-Building Processes among Ethnic Parties in Myanmar
What is the role of political representation by ethnic parties in a multi-ethnic state that has undergone a transition from military rule, and is seeking to resolve protracted intrastate conflicts?
The making of land use decisions, war, and state
ABSTRACT During a civil war and its aftermath, rival powerholders frequently engage in decision-making over land use, for example, via land acquisitions or legal reforms. This paper explores how
Electoral System, Ethnic Parties, and Party System Stability in Myanmar
Party system stability is core to new democracies. In Myanmar’s 2015 general elections, more than 90 political parties competed but only 11 won seats. Will the proliferation of parties undermine
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 126 REFERENCES
The Political Economy of Myanmar’s Transition
Since holding elections in 2010, Myanmar has transitioned from a direct military dictatorship to a formally democratic system and has embarked on a period of rapid economic reform. After two decades
Myanmar’s way to democracy and the limits of the 2015 elections
ABSTRACT The general election held on 8 November 2015 marked a significant turning point in Myanmar’s ongoing regime transition. Under the leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi, the National League for
Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies
Political science scholars consider the four-volume work "Transitions from Authoritarian Rule" to be a foundational text for studying the process of democratization, specifically in those cases where
Eddies in the third wave: Protracted transitions and theories of democratization
In the third wave's backwaters, where transitions are protracted and authoritarians seem unsinkable, incremental bargaining is the path for persistent opposition parties. This article outlines
Modes of Transition and Democratization. South America and Eastern Europe in Comparative Perspective
While the literature on democratization has devoted considerable attention to the concept of modes of transition, the attempts to explain the prospects of democratic consolidation as a consequence of
Political Parties and Popular Representation in Myanmar's Democratisation Process
The article examines the role of political parties in Myanmar's democratisation process. We argue that the substance of democratisation depends on popular representation through political parties but
Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe
Since their classic volume The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes was published in 1978, Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world,
Re-thinking Myanmar's political regime: military rule in Myanmar and implications for current reforms
The Myanmar military has long dominated national politics as well as the state apparatus since first coming into power in 1958. Despite a series of challenges to its rule, the military has been able
Caretaking Democratization: The Military and Political Change in Myanmar
Caretaking Democratization: The Military and Political Change in Myanmar. By Renaud Egreteau. London: Hurst & Co, 2016. Hardcover: 193pp. In Caretaking Democratization the French scholar Renaud
Explaining Myanmar's regime transition: the periphery is central
In 2010, Myanmar (Burma) held its first elections after 22 years of direct military rule. Few compelling explanations for this regime transition have emerged. This article critiques popular accounts
...
1
2
3
4
5
...