Transition analysis: a validation study with known-age modern American skeletons.

@article{Milner2012TransitionAA,
  title={Transition analysis: a validation study with known-age modern American skeletons.},
  author={George R. Milner and Jesper Lier Boldsen},
  journal={American journal of physical anthropology},
  year={2012},
  volume={148 1},
  pages={
          98-110
        }
}
  • G. Milner, J. Boldsen
  • Published 1 May 2012
  • Environmental Science
  • American journal of physical anthropology
Transition Analysis-a recent skeletal age-estimation procedure (Boldsen et al.: Paleodemography: age distributions from skeletal samples (2002) 73-106)-is evaluated using 252 known-age modern American males and females from the Bass Donated Collection and Mercyhurst forensic cases. The pubic symphysis worked best for estimating age, followed by the sacroiliac joint and cranial sutures. Estimates based on all skeletal characteristics are influenced by the choice of prior distribution, although… 
Validation of transition analysis as a method of adult age estimation in a modern South African sample.
Paleodemographic age-at-death distributions of two Mexican skeletal collections: a comparison of transition analysis and traditional aging methods.
TLDR
Although the traditional aging methods result in age-at-death distributions with high young adult mortality and few individuals living past the age of 50, the age- at- death distributions constructed using transition analysis indicate that most individuals who lived into adulthood lived past the Age of 50.
New Approaches to Juvenile Age Estimation in Forensics: Application of Transition Analysis via the Shackelford et al. Method to a Diverse Modern Subadult Sample
TLDR
This study demonstrates that the Shackelford et al. method is applicable and accurate when aging modern subadults in forensic work, as it applies to all available dentition.
Testing inter-observer reliability of the Transition Analysis aging method on the William M. Bass forensic skeletal collection.
TLDR
These results support the use of the TA method by researchers of varying experience levels and validate its use on forensic cases, given the low error overall.
Age estimation from the acetabulum in South African black males
TLDR
Testing the accuracy and reliability of a new method that assesses the morphological changes that take place in the acetabulum as an individual ages demonstrated that middle and older individuals’ age estimates were vastly underestimated.
The influence of skeletal size on age-related criteria from the pelvic joints in Portuguese and North American samples
TLDR
Results suggest that smaller individuals tend to age slower, with the transition from a “younger” to an “older” stage occurring at an older age compared with bigger individuals.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES
Variability of the pattern of aging on the human skeleton: evidence from bone indicators and implications on age at death estimation.
TLDR
A new scoring system for the auricular surface of the ilium and the pubic symphysis is developed and Bayesian prediction produces reliable classification and is applicable for subjects over 50 years old, a real methodological improvement.
Age Estimation from the Human Os Coxa: A Test on a Documented Italian Collection *
TLDR
Testing the Suchey‐Brooks pubic symphysis aging method and the auricular surface method originally developed by Lovejoy et al. on a large sample of known sex and age from the Sassari Collection indicates that for both methods, bias and inaccuracy increased with age and actual age tended to be underestimated over the age of 40.
Pubic Bone Age Estimation in Adult Women *
TLDR
Transition analysis, using an unrestricted cumulative probit model, was undertaken to evaluate the phases and to produce point estimates for the ages‐at‐transition for the Balkan sample, finding the highest posterior density region point estimates with their associated upper and lower bounds can be used for predicting age for unknown forensic cases related to the Balkans sample.
Comparison of Four Skeletal Methods for the Estimation of Age at Death on White and Black Adults *
TLDR
Evaluating four macroscopic indicators for age estimation on 218 American White and Black individuals, ranging in age from 25 to 90 years of age, from the Terry collection finds that PCA was the most accurate method for both racial groups when all age groups are analyzed together.
Analysis of Age‐at‐Death Estimation Through the Use of Pubic Symphyseal Data *
Abstract:  The question of whether age parameters derived from an American population will reliably estimate age‐at‐death for East European skeletal populations is important since the ability to
Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: A comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods
After reviewing various systems of age determination based on analysis of the pubic bone, the discussion concentrates on the collection and preparation of an extensive autopsy sample (n=1225) of
Estimation and Evidence in Forensic Anthropology: Age‐at‐Death
Abstract:  A great deal has previously been written about the use of skeletal morphological changes in estimating ages‐at‐death. This article looks in particular at the pubic symphysis, as it was
A Test of Several Methods of Skeletal Age Estimation using a Documented Archaeological Sample
TLDR
Four morphological methods of adult age at death estimation from the human skeleton as well as a statistical technique for combining multiple age indicators, carried out on personally identified skeletons from a nineteenth century Canadian pioneer cemetery are presented.
Skeletal age at death: the reliability of cranial and pubic age indicators.
  • S. Brooks
  • Medicine
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1955
TLDR
In a skeletal series, the question is how to make observations on age of death of adult individuals of 28 years and older, based on the order of epiphysis-diaphysis closure of the long bones.
Multifactorial determination of skeletal age at death: a method and blind tests of its accuracy.
TLDR
This represents the first truly blind test of an age-at-death indicator or system, as the test populations were independent of the system(s) being tested, and the age, sex, and ethnogeographic origin of the individuals being assessed were completely unknown until the tests were completed.
...
1
2
3
4
...