Transgenic evaluation of activated mutant alleles of SOS2 reveals a critical requirement for its kinase activity and C-terminal regulatory domain for salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.

@article{Guo2004TransgenicEO,
  title={Transgenic evaluation of activated mutant alleles of SOS2 reveals a critical requirement for its kinase activity and C-terminal regulatory domain for salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.},
  author={Yan Guo and Q Qiu and Francisco J Quintero and Jos{\'e} Manuel Pardo and Masaru Ohta and Changqing Zhang and Karen S. Schumaker and Jian-Kang Zhu},
  journal={The Plant cell},
  year={2004},
  volume={16 2},
  pages={435-49}
}
In Arabidopsis thaliana, the calcium binding protein Salt Overly Sensitive3 (SOS3) interacts with and activates the protein kinase SOS2, which in turn activates the plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) antiporter SOS1 to bring about sodium ion homeostasis and salt tolerance. Constitutively active alleles of SOS2 can be constructed in vitro by changing Thr(168) to Asp in the activation loop of the kinase catalytic domain and/or by removing the autoinhibitory FISL motif from the C-terminal regulatory… CONTINUE READING