Transgender Men and Women in 2015: Employed, Unemployed, or Not in the Labor Force

@article{Leppel2019TransgenderMA,
  title={Transgender Men and Women in 2015: Employed, Unemployed, or Not in the Labor Force},
  author={Karen Leppel},
  journal={Journal of Homosexuality},
  year={2019},
  volume={68},
  pages={203 - 229}
}
  • K. Leppel
  • Published 28 January 2021
  • Economics
  • Journal of Homosexuality
ABSTRACT This study used data from the 2015 US Transgender Survey, which gathered information from the largest sample of trans individuals to date. High labor force participation rates and high unemployment rates were found for both trans men and women. However, women were more likely to be out of the labor force and less likely to be employed than men. The unemployment rate of trans women was greater than that of trans men with otherwise similar characteristics; these results are consistent… 
Transgender labour market outcomes: Evidence from the US
Alternative labour market outcomes for men and women have been studied extensively in past literature. However, existing studies fail to directly compare labour market differences between transgender
Beyond the Gender Binary: Transgender Labor Force Status in the United States 2014-2017
Following the recent acknowledgment of and debates around transgender people in the United States, there has emerged a small but growing literature on the economic implications of being transgender.
Biocultural approaches to transgender and gender diverse experience and health: Integrating biomarkers and advancing gender/sex research
TLDR
It is argued that, when used effectively, MICBS can enhance human biologists' ability to empirically measure physiology and health‐related outcomes and enable more accurate identification of pathways linking human experience, embodiment, and health.
“I Don’t Even Want to Come Out”: the Suppressed Voices of Our Future and Opening the Lid on Sexual and Gender Minority Youth Workplace Discrimination in Europe: a Qualitative Study
TLDR
SGM individuals from contexts of poor acceptance tended to hide their identity in the workplace, while transgender and non-binary individuals were prone to experience force-disclosure and discrimination in all aspects of employment.
The Labour Force Status of Transgender People and The Impact of Removing Surgical Requirements to Change Gender on ID Documents
This paper uses data from the BRFSS over the period 2014-2019 to analyse the impact of removing surgical requirements to change legal gender. In many states transgender people are forced to undergo
Transgender employment and gender marker laws
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
The Social Costs of Gender Nonconformity for Transgender Adults: Implications for Discrimination and Health†
TLDR
The results suggest that gender nonconforming trans people face more discrimination and, in turn, are more likely to engage in health‐harming behaviors than trans people who are gender conforming.
Comparing In-Person and Online Survey Respondents in the U.S. National Transgender Discrimination Survey: Implications for Transgender Health Research.
TLDR
Findings indicate that online and in-person data collection methods reach transgender respondents with vastly different health and life experiences, and requires diverse recruitment settings and survey modalities.
Before and After: Gender Transitions, Human Capital, and Workplace Experiences
Abstract We use the workplace experiences of transgender people – individuals who change their gender typically with hormone therapy and surgery – to provide new insights into the long-standing
The Social and Economic Imperative of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Supportive Organizational Policies
The central premise of this article is that organizations have social and economic interests in building policies and practices that support lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) workers.
Discrimination against Lesbians in the Work Force
The lesbian and gay movement has long maintained that there is widespread discrimination against lesbians and gay men in the work force.' Gay men and lesbians have repeatedly claimed that they were
The devil without and within: A conceptual model of social cognitive processes whereby discrimination leads stigmatized minorities to become discouraged workers
Summary In contrast to the substantial literatures on job loss, underemployment, and re-employment, management scholars have paid scant attention to “discouraged workers,” defined as those who want
Generation “X” and the boomers: an analysis of realities and myths
A case study was conducted to identify and to dispel the current stereotypes in the workplace regarding Generation X and Baby Boomers. For the purpose of the study Generation X consisted of those
Last hired, first fired? black-white unemployment and the business cycle
TLDR
Using Current Population Survey data matched across adjacent months from 1989–2004, this article provides the first detailed examination of labor market transitions for primeage black and white men to test the last hired, first fired hypothesis.
Gender identity inclusion in the workplace: broadening diversity management research and practice through the case of transgender employees in the UK
Based on 14 in-depth interviews, this paper explores the unique workplace experiences of transgender individuals in the UK employment context. The paper identifies gender identity diversity as a key
...
...