Transforming growth factors-beta 1 and beta 2 in serum and urine from patients with bladder carcinoma.


PURPOSE Transforming growth factors-beta (TGF-beta) are cellular regulators and potent angiogenic factors. We determined serum and urinary levels of TGF-beta 1 and beta 2 in patients with bladder carcinoma to study a correlation with tumor stage, grade and metastatic spread. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using commercial immunoassays TGF-beta 1 and beta 2 were… (More)


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