Transformations in methane hydrates.


Detailed study of pure methane hydrate in a diamond cell with in situ optical, Raman, and x-ray microprobe techniques reveals two previously unknown structures, structure II and structure H, at high pressures. The structure II methane hydrate at 250 MPa has a cubic unit cell of a = 17.158(2) A and volume V = 5051.3(13) A(3); structure H at 600 MPa has a hexagonal unit cell of a = 11.980(2) A, c = 9.992(3) A, and V = 1241.9(5) A(3). The compositions of these two investigated phases are still not known. With the effects of pressure and the presence of other gases in the structure, the structure II phase is likely to dominate over the known structure I methane hydrate within deep hydrate-bearing sediments underlying continental margins.

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@article{Chou2000TransformationsIM, title={Transformations in methane hydrates.}, author={I M Chou and Anurag Sharma and Robert C. Burruss and J . F . Shu and H . - K . Mao and Russell J. Hemley and Alexander Goncharov and Laura A. Stern and Stephen H. Kirby}, journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America}, year={2000}, volume={97 25}, pages={13484-7} }