Transformation of the Turkish Military and the Path to Democracy

  title={Transformation of the Turkish Military and the Path to Democracy},
  author={Nil Seda Şatana},
  journal={Armed Forces \& Society},
  pages={357 - 388}
  • N. S. Şatana
  • Published 1 April 2008
  • Political Science
  • Armed Forces & Society
Democratization scholars argue that Turkey has successfully transitioned to democracy and is consolidating liberal democracy. The political elite and the parties are deemed important factors in crafting democracies. However, the Turkish political leadership has not changed much until recently; therefore, it remains a puzzle why consolidation is taking place. There are two explanations: (1) there is no consolidation of democracy (2) a factor other than the turnover in political elite/change in… 

Civil-Military Relations in Europe, the Middle East and Turkey

This article seeks to understand the transformation of Turkish civil-military relations in a comparative perspective. The analysis is based on two criteria: institutional/legal mechanisms and

The changing role of the military in Turkish politics: democratization through coup plots?

The exposure of alleged coup plots in 2007 has shaken the guardian role of the Turkish military in politics. What were the conditions that led to the exposure of the coups and what is their

The Impact of the European Union on the Democratization of Civil-Military Relations in Turkey

This paper investigates the influence of Turkey’s European Union (EU) candidature on its civil-military relations. It argues that EU conditionality and adaptation pressure for the convergence and

Turkey's struggle with the PKK and civilian control over the Turkish Armed Forces

AbstractAlthough most scholars of Turkey’s civil-military relations argue that the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) insurgency has led to a decrease in civilian control over the Turkish military from

Turkey’s struggle with the PKK and civilian control over the Turkish Armed Forces

Abstract Although most scholars of Turkey’s civil-military relations argue that the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) insurgency has led to a decrease in civilian control over the Turkish military from

Rethinking Civil–Military Relations in Turkey: The Problems of the Democratic Governance of the Defense and Security Sectors

Abstract This article aims to explore the problems of democratic governance of the defense and security sectors in Turkey. In recent years, to democratize its civil–military relations, Turkey has

Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey

Abstract Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002 Turkey has undergone double regime transitions. First, tutelary democracy ended; second, a competitive authoritarian

The Role of the Military in Turkish Politics: To Guard Whom and From What?

This paper tries to reveal the chief determinants of the Turkish Armed Forces' (TAF) role in political sphere. In order to shed a light upon the "guardian" role of the TAF for the secular

Turkey under the Justice and Development Party: Between Transformation of ‘Islamism’ and Democratic Consolidation?

Turkish politics has been going along a bumpy road since 2007, and its reformist government has been increasingly consumed by successive domestic crises. The Justice and Development Party (JDP)’s

Civil-Military Relations in Turkey: Toward a Liberal Model?

In Republican Turkey, the military has always had respect for democracy. However, from 1960 onwards, the military intervened in politics on four occasions. This was because it felt responsible for



The Military and the Consolidation of Democracy: The Recent Turkish Experience

Turkey's recent success in dealing with the threat of political Islam without the military taking power into its own hands cannot be explained by either of the two contending theories about the

Lessons of Military Regimes and Democracy: The Turkish Case in a Comparative Perspective

This article aims to highlight the point that the nature of an outgoing authoritarian regime does matter for a new democracy. It discusses the Turkish case. The military interludes in Turkey have

Turkish politics and the military

Turkey's geographical position, between the Middle East and Europe and at the centre of the current upheavals in the USSR and the Balkans, has led to a reawakening of interest in its international

The Problems of Democratic Consolidation

Democratization has not taken firm root in sub-Saharan Africa even though many democratic transitions took place in the beginning of the 1990’s. Sub-Saharan Africa suffers in other words from a

Civil-Military Relations in Turkey

Turkey's military and political elites have long combined in an uneasy partnership to oversee the Republic's affairs. A number of factors have enabled the military to influence Turkish politics in

Political culture in Turkey: Connections among attitudes toward democracy, the military and Islam

Against the background of Turkey's continuing but unconsolidated democratic transition, this article examines the nature and determinants of attitudes toward democracy held by ordinary Turkish

The Military and Democracy in the Third Turkish Republic

In the mid-1990s, civil-military relations in Turkey came close to the liberal-democratic model. The military was essentially interested in contributing to public policy in matters it deemed

Rethinking Military Politics: Brazil and the Southern Cone

The last four years have seen a remarkable resurgence of democracy in the Southern Cone of the Americas. Military regimes have been replaced in Argentina (1983), Uruguay (1985), and Brazil (1985).

The Turkish Military's March Toward Europe

TURKEY'S ACCESSION to the European Union has long been an issue of great debate. Some have questioned the EU'S willingness to welcome such a large, poor, and culturally distant country as a member;