Transformation of diclofenac in hybrid biofilm–activated sludge processes

Abstract

The biotransformation of diclofenac during wastewater treatment was investigated. Attached growth biomass from a carrier-filled compartment of a hybrid-MBBR at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Bad Ragaz, Switzerland was used to test the biotransformation. Laboratory-scale incubation experiments were performed with diclofenac and carriers and high… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.08.002

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