Transformation of Macau policing: from a Portuguese colony to China’s SAR

  title={Transformation of Macau policing: from a Portuguese colony to China’s SAR},
  author={Lawrence Ka-ki Ho and Agnes Iok Fong Lam},
  journal={Crime, Law and Social Change},
  • L. Ho, A. Lam
  • Published 1 May 2014
  • Law
  • Crime, Law and Social Change
This study examines policing in Macau and identifies major forces that have shaped its transformation over past decades. Prior to 1999, Macau was a Portuguese colony. Its criminal justice system inherited key features of the Continental system, including two independent law enforcement agencies: the Judiciary Police and the Public Security Police. In the colonial era, expatriate commanders drawn from the military or legal professions headed both departments, while the rank-and-file was composed… 
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