Transfer of the core region genes of the Yersinia enterocolitica WA-C serotype O:8 high-pathogenicity island to Y. enterocolitica MRS40, a strain with low levels of pathogenicity, confers a yersiniabactin biosynthesis phenotype and enhanced mouse virulence.


The high-pathogenicity island (HPI) of yersiniae encodes an iron uptake system represented by its siderophore yersiniabactin (Ybt). The HPI is present in yersiniae with high levels of pathogenicity--i.e., Yersinia pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, and Y. enterocolitica biogroup (BG) 1B--but absent in Y. enterocolitica strains with low (BG 2 to 5) and no (BG 1A… (More)


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