Transfer RNA-dependent cognate amino acid recognition by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.

An investigation of the role of tRNA in the catalysis of aminoacylation of Escherichia coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (GlnRS) has revealed that the accuracy of specific interactions between GlnRS and tRNAGln determines amino acid affinity. Mutations in GlnRS at D235, which makes contacts with nucleotides in the acceptor stem of tRNAGln, and at R260 in the… (More)