Transesophageal Doppler scanning versus thermodilution during general anesthesia. An initial comparison of cardiac output techniques.

@article{Freund1987TransesophagealDS,
  title={Transesophageal Doppler scanning versus thermodilution during general anesthesia. An initial comparison of cardiac output techniques.},
  author={Peter R. Freund},
  journal={American journal of surgery},
  year={1987},
  volume={153 5},
  pages={490-4}
}
Measurement of cardiac output has become an essential feature of anesthetic management of patients with cardiac disease requiring operation. Thermodilution by way of a Swan-Ganz catheter is the current popular technique for cardiac output determination. Unfortunately, this method is costly and has an associated irreducible morbidity rate and has, in rare instances, resulted in death. The suprasternal ultrasonographic Doppler technique has shown promise for measuring cardiac output noninvasively… CONTINUE READING

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