Intracanalicular or intra-abdominal undescended testicles often present a difficult surgical problem, due to a vascular pedicle shortening that prohibits scrotal placement with a 1 stage orchiopexy. The division of spermatic vessels to properly place the testis in the scrotum solves the problem of the shortening of the vessels, but raises the question of whether the endocrine function and the potential for fertility are preserved. In the present study transection of spermatic vessels before arterial branch-off was done intra-abdominally in rats. Angiographic, patho-anatomic and hormonal evaluations have been made. Revascularization of the testicular artery through the vasal artery has occurred in all cases. The anastomotic circuit, however, does not always have the same functional value. The spermatogenic alterations suggest that fertility can be impaired in a significant percentage of cases. Spermatogenesis was quantified taking into account the mean tubular diameter and the situation of seminiferous epithelium, expressed as the percentage of tubules containing well-developed spermatogenesis. Plasma testosterone levels are in a low range. However, Leydig cell functional response to human chorionic gonadotropin stimulation is maintained in every case and so are plasma and pituitary luteinizing hormone levels, suggesting that plasma testosterone levels are high enough to maintain an adequate hormonal activity.