Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for low back pain. A comparison of TENS and massage for pain and range of motion.

@article{Melzack1983TranscutaneousEN,
  title={Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for low back pain. A comparison of TENS and massage for pain and range of motion.},
  author={Ronald Melzack and P Vetere and Lisa Finch},
  journal={Physical therapy},
  year={1983},
  volume={63 4},
  pages={489-93}
}
Patients with acute or chronic low back pain were treated in a double-blind study that compared transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at intense levels and gentle, mechanically administered massage. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation produced significantly greater pain relief, based on two measures of the McGill Pain Questionnaire, and significant improvement in straight leg raising. There were no significant differences between the two groups in backflexion scores. Pain-relief… CONTINUE READING

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