The chaperonin containing t-complex polypeptide 1 (CCT) is a molecular chaperone assisting in the folding of proteins in eukaryotic cytosol, and the Ccta (encoding the alpha subunit of CCT)/t-complex polypeptide 1 gene encodes the alpha subunit of CCT. We show here that transcription of the mouse Ccta gene is regulated by selenocysteine tRNA gene transcription activating factor (Staf) family zinc-finger transcription factors ZNF143 and ZNF76. Reporter gene assay using HeLa cells indicated that the Ccta gene promoter contains two 18-base pair-long cis-acting elements with similar sequences at -70 and -20 base pairs (designated CCT alpha subunit gene transcription activating element 1 (CAE1) and CAE2, respectively). By yeast one-hybrid screening of CAE1-binding factors, we isolated human ZNF143, which is known to activate transcription of selenocysteine tRNA and small nuclear RNA genes. DNA binding domains of ZNF143 and ZNF76 produced in E. coli recognized CAE1 and CAE2 elements in electrophoretic mobility shift assay. HeLa cell nuclear extract contained a protein that specifically binds to CAE1 and CAE2 and recognized by anti-ZNF143 antibody. Transcription from a minimal Ccta promoter containing CAE2 element in HeLa cells was enhanced by overexpression of full-length ZNF143 and ZNF76 but inhibited by that of their DNA binding domains alone. These results demonstrate that the Staf family proteins control transcription of at least one of the chaperone-encoding genes besides that of tRNA and small nuclear RNA genes. These RNA and chaperone genes are suggested to be coregulated to facilitate synthesis of mature proteins during active cell growth.