Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain

@article{Hallett2000TranscranialMS,
  title={Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain},
  author={Mark Hallett},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2000},
  volume={406},
  pages={147-150}
}
  • M. Hallett
  • Published 13 July 2000
  • Biology, Psychology
  • Nature
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is rapidly developing as a powerful, non-invasive tool for studying the human brain. A pulsed magnetic field creates current flow in the brain and can temporarily excite or inhibit specific areas. TMS of motor cortex can produce a muscle twitch or block movement; TMS of occipital cortex can produce visual phosphenes or scotomas. TMS can also alter the functioning of the brain beyond the time of stimulation, offering potential for therapy. 

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

TMS has been approved by the FDA for several psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder; however, despite some clinical successes, the mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effects are not well understood.

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The Answer of the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Brain Desordes: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Clinical Practice

Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a new technique capable of stimulating the brain with some advantages over existing ones, and is considered of low quality.

Transcranial static magnetic field stimulation of the human motor cortex

It is found that transcranial static magnetic field stimulation (tSMS) can reduce the excitability of the motor cortex for a period that outlasts the time of the application of the magnetic field.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Prefrontal Cortex: A Complementary Approach to Investigate Human Long-Term Memory

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation can noninvasively and focally stimulate the cerebral cortex, inducing a transient and safe interruption of brain function, and seems to be a good complementary approach to more traditional neuroimaging and electroencephalographic techniques for the investigation of the working brain.

Neuroimaging of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Effects on the Brain

Brain imaging can tell us a lot about how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) affects the brain, and it can also help us guide and deliver TMS in more precise ways. For example, one can use stru

[Transcranial magnetic stimulation].

Cort cortical mapping may be achieved by combining TMS to other neurophysiological/ neuroimaging techniques and has great potential both as an investigational and as a therapeutical tool in Neurology and Psychiatry.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation and epilepsy

Noninvasive Brain Stimulation

Motor evoked potentials.

  • Y. SohnM. Hallett
  • Biology, Psychology
    Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America
  • 2004
...

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