Transcranial magnetic stimulation

  title={Transcranial magnetic stimulation},
  author={Paolo Maria Rossini and Simone Rossi},
  pages={484 - 488}
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a 20-year-old technique originally introduced to noninvasively investigate nervous propagation along the corticospinal tract, spinal roots, and peripheral nerves in humans. TMS is extensively used in clinical neurophysiology, including rehabilitation and intraoperative monitoring. Single-pulse TMS and other more recent versions (paired-pulse TMS, repetitive TMS, integration with structural and functional MRI, and neuronavigation) allow motor output to… 
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a 20-year-old technique originally introduced to noninvasively investigate nervous propagation along the corticospinal tract, spinal roots, and peripheral
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Cognitive Brain Research
Transcranial magnetic stimulation has a unique contribution in that it helps determine the need for brain areas for a particular task without the problem of diaschisis and compensatory plasticity seen with traditional lesion studies and that correlation methods of functional neuroimaging alone lack.
Cortical excitability and neurology: insights into the pathophysiology.
The current literature on cortical excitability studies using TMS in neurological disorders is appraised, with a brief overview of current TMS measures and how these have added to the understand-ing of the underlying mechanisms of brain disorders.
Motor Potentials Evoked by Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Healthy Subjects
The muscle responses from human primary motor cortex system are characterized by navigated TMS to provide normative values for the clinically relevant TMS parameters on 65 healthy volunteers aged 22 to 81 years, providing a modified baseline of TMS-related parameters for healthy subjects.
Optimisation of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation using electroencephalographic measurements in patients suffering from mood disorders
It can be concluded that observed decreases in fast activity, unspecific to protocol, localised in the DLPFC also suggest reduced cortical excitability, which accompanies a decrease in cortical inhibition.
Brain-Behavior Relations: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Review
Evidence has accumulated that demonstrated that TMS provides a valuable tool for interventional neurophysiology applications, modulating brain activity in a specific, distributed, corticosubcortical network.


Transcranial magnetic stimulation techniques in clinical investigation
TMS applications have an important place among the investigative tools to study patients with motor disorders and give information on the pathophysiology of the processes underlying the various clinical conditions.
The navigation of transcranial magnetic stimulation
Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the management of pain.
  • J. Lefaucheur
  • Biology, Medicine
    Supplements to Clinical neurophysiology
  • 2004
Functional MRI of the immediate impact of transcranial magnetic stimulation on cortical and subcortical motor circuits
The present findings support the notion that re‐afferent feedback from evoked movements represents the dominant input to the motor system via M1 during suprathreshold stimulation, and reflect the capability of rTMS to target both local and remote brain regions as tightly connected constituents of a cortical and subcortical network.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Epilepsy
Evaluation of the effects of antiepileptic drugs revealed differences between agents acting primarily on ion channels and those acting at the γ-aminobutyric acid–benzodiazepine receptor complex.
Applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Movement Disorders
  • R. Cantello
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
  • 2002
TMS gives rise to a new, outstanding enthusiasm in the neurophysiology of movement disorders and there is reason to predict that TMS, with its continuous technical refinement, will prove even more helpful in the near future.
TMS in cognitive plasticity and the potential for rehabilitation