Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in controlled treatment studies: are some "sham" forms active?

Abstract

BACKGROUND Carefully designed controlled studies are essential in further evaluating the therapeutic efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in psychiatric disorders. A major methodological concern is the design of the "sham" control for TMS. An ideal sham would produce negligible cortical stimulation in conjunction with a scalp sensation akin… (More)

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