Transcranial magnetic and electrical stimulation compared: Does TES activate intracortical neuronal circuits?

@article{Brocke2005TranscranialMA,
  title={Transcranial magnetic and electrical stimulation compared: Does TES activate intracortical neuronal circuits?},
  author={Jan Brocke and Kerstin Irlbacher and Benedikt Hauptmann and M. Voss and Stephan A. Brandt},
  journal={Clinical Neurophysiology},
  year={2005},
  volume={116},
  pages={2748-2756}
}
OBJECTIVE To determine whether, and under which conditions, transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can activate similar neuronal structures of the human motor cortex, as indicated by electromyographic recordings. METHODS Focal TMS was performed on three subjects inducing a postero-anterior directed current (p-a), TES with postero-anteriorly (p-a) and latero-medially (l-m) oriented electrodes. We analyzed the onset latencies and amplitudes (single… CONTINUE READING

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