Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) reduces postsurgical opioid consumption in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

@article{Borckardt2013TranscranialDC,
  title={Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) reduces postsurgical opioid consumption in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).},
  author={Jeffrey Borckardt and Scott T. Reeves and Stefanie M Robinson and Joshua May and Thomas I. Epperson and Ryan J Gunselman and Harold Del Schutte and Harry A Demos and Alok Madan and Sarah Fredrich and Mark S. George},
  journal={The Clinical journal of pain},
  year={2013},
  volume={29 11},
  pages={925-8}
}
BACKGROUND Although pain is often a symptom that precedes total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the procedure itself is associated with considerable postoperative pain lasting days to weeks. Postoperative pain control is an important factor in determining recovery time, hospital length of stay, and rehabilitation success. Several brain stimulation technologies including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have demonstrated promise as treatments for a variety of pain conditions. The present… CONTINUE READING
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