Transcendental meditation: A double-edged sword in epilepsy?

  title={Transcendental meditation: A double-edged sword in epilepsy?},
  author={Ephraim S. P. Lansky and Erik K. St Louis},
  journal={Epilepsy \& Behavior},

EEG Derived Neuronal Dynamics during Meditation: Progress and Challenges

A broad spectrum of neural mechanics under a variety of meditation styles has been reviewed and the controversial subject of epileptiform EEG changes and other adverse effects during meditation has been raised.

Potential Role of Placebo-Effect in the Anti-Epileptic Influence of Meditation in Patients with Epilepsy

The role of placebo-effect in the anti-epileptic influence of meditation is explored to explore the role of alternative forms of medical therapies.

Future directions in meditation research: Recommendations for expanding the field of contemplative science

A cross-sectional online survey to investigate the prevalence of a wide range of experiences in 1120 meditators shows that the majority of respondents report having had many of these anomalous and extraordinary experiences.

Role of Yoga and Meditation as Complimentary Therapeutic Regime for Stress-Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Utilization of Brain Waves Activity as Novel Tool

A review focused on describing the effects of yoga and meditation on anxiety and depression as well as exploring brain waves as a tool for assessing the potential of these complementary therapies for such disorders is provided.

The Impact of Meditative Practices on Physiology and Neurology: A Review of the Literature

A more accurate understanding of the physiological and neurological effects of meditation will likely reveal means of therapeutic application for both individual and social benefit as well as further insight into attentional states.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Therapeutic Role of Meditation Interventions.

The available empirical evidence demonstrates that meditation is associated with overall reduction in PTSD symptoms, and it improves mental and somatic quality of life of PTSD patients, so studies give a clear cue for a trial of meditation-associated techniques as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy or standalone treatment in otherwise resistant cases of the disease.

Seizure-induced bliss: a commentary on “meditation-induced bliss viewed as release from conditioned neural (thought) patterns that block reward signals in the brain pleasure center”

The nucleus accumbens orchestrates processes related to reward and pleasure, including the addictive consequences of repeated reward (e.g., drug addiction and compulsive gambling) and the



Yoga for control of epilepsy

A multi-centre, cross-cultural, preferably blinded (difficult for yoga), well-randomized controlled trial, especially using a single yogic technique in a homogeneous population such as Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is justified to find out how yoga affects seizure control and QOL of the person with epilepsy.

A comparison of somatic relaxation and EEG activity in classical progressive relaxation and transcendental meditation

The results supported the “relaxation response” model for state changes in somatic relaxation for techniques practiced under low levels of stress but not the claim that the relaxation response produced a hypometabolic state.

Effect of Sahaja Yoga Meditation on Auditory Evoked Potentials (AEP) and Visual Contrast Sensitivity (VCS) in Epileptics

The reduced level of stress following meditation practice may make patients more responsive to specific stimuli, and bring about changes in some of the electrophysiological responses studied in epileptic patients.

Transcendental Meditation™ and General Meditation are Associated with Enhanced Complex Partial Epileptic-Like Signs: Evidence for “Cognitive” Kindling?

The hypothesis that procedures which promote cognitive kindling enhance complex partial epileptic-like signs is supported, as well as the possibility that TM practice can enhance control, olfactory, or perseverative experiences.

Electrophysiologic Characteristics of Respiratory Suspension Periods Occurring During the Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program

The mean total EEG coherence over all frequencies and over nine derivations for TM subjects showed a significant increase during the RS periods as compared to pre‐ and post‐RS control periods.

Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program.

Standard ambulatory night sleep electroencephalograph (EEG) of 11 long-term practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program reporting "higher states of consciousness" during sleep was compared to that of nine short-term Practitioners and 11 non-practitioners to find physiological support for this model.