Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect using detachable steel coil.

@article{Kalra1999TranscatheterCO,
  title={Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect using detachable steel coil.},
  author={G. S. Kalra and Puneet Kumar Verma and Sandeep B. Singh and Ramesh C Arora},
  journal={Heart},
  year={1999},
  volume={82 3},
  pages={395-6}
}
Transcatheter closure has been attempted in selected cases of ventricular septal defects using Lock clamshell device, Rashkind umbrella device, and Sideris buttoned device. A small perimembranous ventricular septal defect with aneurysm of membranous septum in a 12 year old girl was closed successfully with a detachable steel coil of 8 mm diameter with four loops, after failure of deployment of a Rashkind double umbrella device.