Transcardiac increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha and left ventricular end-diastolic volume in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.


BACKGROUND It remains unclear whether tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are secreted from the failing heart and whether there is a relationship between the transcardiac gradients of these cytokines and left ventricular (LV) remodeling. AIMS This study evaluated the relationship between transcardiac gradients of cytokines and LV… (More)