Transarterial Administration of Oncolytic Viruses for Locoregional Therapy of Orthotopic HCC in Rats.

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a disease with limited treatment options and poor prognosis. In recent years, oncolytic virotherapies have proven themselves to be potentially powerful tools to fight malignancy. Due to the unique dual blood supply in the liver, it is possible to apply therapies locally to orthotopic liver tumors, which are predominantly fed by arterial blood flow. We have previously demonstrated that hepatic arterial delivery of oncolytic viruses results in safe and efficient transduction efficiency of multifocal HCC lesions, resulting in significant prolongation of survival in immune competent rats. This procedure closely mimics the application of transarterial embolization in patients, which is the standard palliative care provided to many HCC patients. The ability to administer tumor therapies through the hepatic artery in rats allows for a highly sophisticated preclinical model for evaluating novel viral vectors under development. Here we describe the detailed protocol for microdissection of the hepatic artery for infusion of oncolytic virus vectors to treat orthotopic HCC.

DOI: 10.3791/53757

Cite this paper

@article{Altomonte2016TransarterialAO, title={Transarterial Administration of Oncolytic Viruses for Locoregional Therapy of Orthotopic HCC in Rats.}, author={Jennifer Altomonte and Kim A Mu{\~n}oz-{\'A}lvarez and Katsunori Shinozaki and Christine M. Baumgartner and Georgios Kaissis and Rickmer Braren and Oliver Ebert}, journal={Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE}, year={2016}, volume={110} }