Transanal endoscopic surgery using single access and standard laparoscopic instrumentation.


Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) or operation (TEO) refer to the concept of performing intraluminal excision of rectal lesions with specialized, high specification equipment that maintains a stable pneumorectum and allows either high definition or binocular optical visualization of the target site along with the capacity for using precise… (More)


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