Trans-pulmonary echocardiography as a guide for device closure of patent ductus arteriosus.


OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to develop trans-pulmonary echocardiography (TPE) to guide device closure of patent ductus arteriosus (DC-PDA). BACKGROUND Aortography requires a large amount of contrast yet may give us an inadequate image to evaluate anatomy or residual shunt in patients with large PDA or dilated vessels and is precluded in patients… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/ccd.25879