Trans-fatty acids, dangerous bonds for health? A background review paper of their use, consumption, health implications and regulation in France

@article{Menaa2012TransfattyAD,
  title={Trans-fatty acids, dangerous bonds for health? A background review paper of their use, consumption, health implications and regulation in France},
  author={Farid Menaa and Abder Menaa and Bouzid Menaa and Jacques A. Tr{\'e}ton},
  journal={European Journal of Nutrition},
  year={2012},
  volume={52},
  pages={1289-1302}
}
IntroductionTrans-fatty acids (TFAs) can be produced either from bio-hydrogenation in the rumen of ruminants or by industrial hydrogenation. While most of TFAs’ effects from ruminants are poorly established, there is increasing evidence that high content of industrial TFAs may cause deleterious effects on human health and life span.Material and methodsIndeed, several epidemiological and experimental studies strongly suggest that high content of most TFA isomers could represent a higher risk of… 

Technological approaches to minimize industrial trans fatty acids in foods.

The physical-chemical properties of TFAs, their occurrence in processed foods, their main effects on health, and the routine analytical methods to characterize TFAs are reviewed, before emphasizing on the major industrial methods that can be used worldwide to reduce TFAs in foods.

Trans Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

The experience from different countries shows that the elimination of TFA is a cost effective and feasible public health intervention and should be further targeted aiming to further reduce TFA in fast food products and the implementation of newer industrial methods that produce vegetable oils with lower (or even zero) amounts of T FA.

Trans-10 18:1 in ruminant meats: A review.

The present review will cover the production, analysis, biological effects, strategies for manipulation, and regulatory policy of trans (t) fatty acids in ruminant foods.

New data on harmful effects of trans-fatty acids.

Various margarines containing trans-fatty acids were marketed as being healthier because of the absence of cholesterol, suggesting to use margarine instead of butter, but there is growing evidence for a possible role of T-fat in the development of Alzheimer´s disease and cognitive decline with age.

Nutraceutical and Pharmaceutical Behavior of Bioactive Compounds of Miracle Oilseeds: An Overview

It is concluded that the development and improvement of oilseed markets and their byproducts could offer even more health benefits in the future, when added to other foods, as well as the health benefits associated with their consumption.

Progress towards elimination of trans-fatty acids in foods commonly consumed in four Latin American cities

The results indicate a virtual elimination of TFA from major food sources in the cities studied, which could be due to a combination of factors, including recommendations by national and global public health authorities, voluntary and/or mandatory food reformulation made by the food industry.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 165 REFERENCES

Consumption of trans fatty acids and risk to cardio-vascular health: the Aquitaine Study.

The aims of this study were to assess the TFA intake in Aquitaine and to examine the relationship between the presence of TFA in adipose tissue and blood plasma, and LDL- and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in plasma of non-pregnant and pregnant women.

Study of the effect of trans fatty acids from ruminants on blood lipids and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

The results suggest that, whereas a high dietary intake of TFA from ruminants may adversely affect cholesterol homeostasis, moderate intakes of rTFA that are well above the upper limit of current human consumption have neutral effects on plasma lipids and other cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Influence of Trans Fatty Acids on Health

The contribution of dietary trans fatty acids (TFAs) on the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) has recently gained further support due to the results from large, prospective, population-based

The influence of trans fatty acids on health: a report from the Danish Nutrition Council.

The Danish Nutrition Council recommend that the consumption of trans fatty acids is reduced as much as possible by reducing the fat content in food and the trans fatty acid content in all Danish margarine products to 5% or less.

Approaches to removing trans fats from the food supply in industrialized and developing countries

A number of initiatives to reduce the intake of TFAs underway in selected industrialized and developing countries are reviewed, which serves to illustrate the merits and limitations of the available options and how the approaches that have been taken reflect local conditions.

Trans fatty acids: are the effects only marginal?

The combined results of metabolic and epidemiological studies provide strong evidence that trans fatty acid intake is causally related to risk of coronary disease and federal regulations should require manufacturers to include trans fatty acids content in food labels and should aim to greatly reduce or eliminate the use of partially hydrogenated vegetable fats.

Do trans fatty acids from industrially produced sources and from natural sources have the same effect on cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy subjects? Results of the trans Fatty Acids Collaboration (TRANSFACT) study.

This study shows that TFAs from industrially produced and from natural sources have different effects on CVD risk factors in women, and the HDL cholesterol-lowering property of TFAs seems to be specific to industrial sources.

Labeling of trans fatty acid content in food, regulations and limits-the FDA view.

  • Julie Moss
  • Medicine
    Atherosclerosis. Supplements
  • 2006

Health effects of trans-fatty acids: experimental and observational evidence

Controlled trials and observational studies provide concordant evidence that consumption of TFA from partially hydrogenated oils adversely affects multiple cardiovascular risk factors and contributes significantly to increased risk of CHD events.
...