Tranexamic acid for acute intracerebral hemorrhage growth predicted by spot sign trial: Rationale and design.

Abstract

Rationale Acute intracerebral hemorrhage inflicts a high-economic and -health burden. Computed tomography angiography spot sign is a predictor of hematoma expansion, is associated with poor clinical outcome and is an important stratifying variable for patients treated with haemostatic therapy. Aims We aim to compare the effect of treatment with tranexamic acid to placebo for the prevention of hemorrhage growth in patients with high-risk acute intracerebral hemorrhage with a positive spot sign. Design The tranexamic acid for acute intracerebral hemorrhage growth predicted by spot sign (TRAIGE) is a prospective, multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, investigator-led, randomized clinical trial that will include an estimated 240 participants. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage demonstrating symptom onset within 8 h and with the spot sign as a biomarker for ongoing hemorrhage, and no contraindications for antifibrinolytic therapy, will be enrolled to receive either tranexamic acid or placebo. The primary outcome measure is the presence of hemorrhage growth defined as an increase in intracerebral hemorrhage volume >33% or >6 ml from baseline to 24 ± 2 h. The secondary outcomes include safety and clinical outcomes. Conclusion The TRAIGE trial evaluates the efficacy of haemostatic therapy with tranexamic acid in the prevention of hemorrhage growth among high-risk patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage.

DOI: 10.1177/1747493017694394

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Cite this paper

@article{Liu2017TranexamicAF, title={Tranexamic acid for acute intracerebral hemorrhage growth predicted by spot sign trial: Rationale and design.}, author={LiPing Liu and Yongjun Wang and Xia Meng and Na Li and Ying Tan and Ximing Nie and Dacheng Liu and Xingquan Zhao}, journal={International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society}, year={2017}, volume={12 3}, pages={326-331} }