Traits and trait names: How well is Openness represented in natural languages?

@article{McCrae1990TraitsAT,
  title={Traits and trait names: How well is Openness represented in natural languages?},
  author={Robert R. McCrae},
  journal={European Journal of Personality},
  year={1990},
  volume={4},
  pages={119 - 129}
}
  • R. McCrae
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Psychology
  • European Journal of Personality
The five‐factor model of personality has repeatedly emerged from lexical studies of natural languages. When adjective‐based factor scales are correlated with other personality measures, the adequacy and comprehensiveness of the five‐factor model are demonstrated at a broad level. However, English language adjectives do not necessarily capture more subtle distinctions within the five factors. In particular, of several facets of the Openness factor, only Openness to Ideas and Values are well… 

Tables from this paper

Openness to Experience: Expanding the boundaries of Factor V

The fifth factor in lexical studies of trait adjectives is commonly interpreted as Intellect, whereas the corresponding factor derived from questionnaire studies is typically identified as Openness

Openness versus intellect: Much ado about nothing?

McCrae (1990) has argued that Openness to Experience is a fundamental dimension of personality that is not well represented among English‐language trait adjectives. Presumably, then, studies of

Lexical studies of indigenous personality factors: premises, products, and prospects.

A review of studies that have been conducted examining the factor structure of personality descriptors extracted from dictionaries suggests that the Anglo-Germanic Big Five is reproduced better in some languages than in others.

Folk concepts, natural language, and psychological constructs: The California Psychological Inventory and the five-factor model.

Both the California Psychological Inventory (CPI; Gough, 1987) and the five-factor model of personality have roots in folk concepts of personality. The present article offers a conceptual analysis of

Towards a taxonomy of personality descriptors in German: A psycho‐lexical study

We present two studies aimed at developing a comprehensive taxonomy of German personality‐descriptive terms. In the first study, all personality‐descriptive adjectives (e.g. cynical), type nouns

Structures of Personality Traits

Over the past decades, the concept of personality has been subject to implicit redefinition through a set of operations labeled “Big-Five Taxonomy” or “Five-Factor Model” of personality. A first

Toward a taxonomy of trait adjectives in Filipino: comparing personality lexicons across cultures

We have developed a comprehensive list of Filipino person descriptive adjectives, organized them into Angleitner, Ostendorf and John's (1990) person descriptive categories, obtained college students'

An alternative taxonomic study of personality‐descriptive adjectives in the Italian language

A trait‐taxonomic project was conducted in the North‐East of Italy. Three studies were run. In the first study, a comprehensive set of terms appropriate for personality description (adjectives, and

Hierarchical subcomponents of the Big Five personality factors: a cross-language replication.

The 18 subcomponents delineate necessary features of a more finely faceted measurement model for the lexical Big Five factors, indicating 18 distinct content themes common to personality description in the 2 languages.

An expedition in search of a fifth universal factor: Key issues in the lexical approach

It is argued that the fifth factor of the Big Five Model of personality traits cannot yet claim universal status. In order to identify a fifth factor within the lexical approach it is necessary to
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES

Updating Norman's "Adequate Taxonomy": intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires.

The relations among culture, conscientiousness, openness, and intelligence are discussed, and it is concluded that mental ability is a separate factor, though related to openness to experience.

The use of everyday personality language for scientific purposes

The major question of the article is whether the natural language of personality provides an adequate point of departure for the construction of a scientific system of personological categories. Five

Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.

Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors.

Why I Advocate the Five-Factor Model: Joint Factor Analyses of the NEO-PI with Other Instruments

Although the five-factor model of personality originated in studies of natural language, recent research suggests that it can encompass dimensions of individual differences derived from many of the

Reconciling inconsistent information: Impressions of personality from combinations of traits

Research is described that examines the kinds of impressions formed from congruent and incongruent combinations of trait‐descriptive adjectives. Impressions formed from congruent traits are easier to

Correlations of MMPI factor scales with measures of the five factor model of personality.

Two recent item factor analyses of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) classified the resulting factors according to a conceptual scheme offered by Norman's (1963) five factor model, although MMPI factors derived in a normal sample showed closer correspondences with the five normal personality dimensions.

Reinterpreting the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator from the perspective of the five-factor model of personality.

The data suggest that Jung's theory is either incorrect or inadequately operationalized by the MBTI and cannot provide a sound basis for interpreting it, but correlational analyses showed that the four MBTI indices did measure aspects of four of the five major dimensions of normal personality.

The structure of interpersonal traits: Wiggins's circumplex and the five-factor model.

Using a sample of 315 adult men and women, self-reports on Wiggins's revised Interpersonal Adjective Scales were jointly factored with self-reports, peer ratings, and spouse ratings on the NEO

Towards a Taxonomy of Personality Descriptors

Personality psychology has not yet established a generally accepted, systematic framework for distinguishing, ordering, and naming individual differences in people’s behavior and experience. Such a

The Q-Sort Method in Personality Assessment and Psychiatric Research.

Just about a dozen years ago William Stephenson, then teaching in the University of Chicago, introduced American psychology to his Q-technique. As doctorate researches and publications appeared out