Traits and trait names: How well is Openness represented in natural languages?

  title={Traits and trait names: How well is Openness represented in natural languages?},
  author={Robert R. McCrae},
  journal={European Journal of Personality},
  pages={119 - 129}
  • R. McCrae
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Psychology
  • European Journal of Personality
The five‐factor model of personality has repeatedly emerged from lexical studies of natural languages. When adjective‐based factor scales are correlated with other personality measures, the adequacy and comprehensiveness of the five‐factor model are demonstrated at a broad level. However, English language adjectives do not necessarily capture more subtle distinctions within the five factors. In particular, of several facets of the Openness factor, only Openness to Ideas and Values are well… 

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