Traits and motives: toward an integration of two traditions in personality research.

@article{Winter1998TraitsAM,
  title={Traits and motives: toward an integration of two traditions in personality research.},
  author={David G. Winter and Oliver P. John and Andrew J Stewart and Eva C Klohnen and Lauren E Duncan},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={1998},
  volume={105 2},
  pages={230-50}
}
After reviewing classic and current conceptions of trait (as measured by questionnaires) and motive (as measured by the Thematic Apperception Test [TAT] or other imaginative verbal behavior), the authors suggest that these 2 concepts reflect 2 fundamentally different elements of personality--conceptually distinct and empirically unrelated. The authors propose that traits and motives interact in the prediction of behavior: Traits channel the behavioral expression of motives throughout the life… CONTINUE READING