Training and cardiovascular responses from cigarette smoke exposure.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the early effect of the endurance training (ET) on systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR) and rate pressure-product (RPP) after acute cigarette smoke exposure. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into two groups: trained (TEx; n = 10) and control (CEx; n = 10), exposed to smoke. TEx rats undertook ET during 2 weeks (swimming, 5 days/week; 1 h/session) and CEx group was kept in sedentary lifestyle. After ET protocol both groups were exposed to cigarette smoke only once (total 1 h; 2 × 30 min with interval of 10 min between exposures; rate of 10 cigarettes/30 min). SBP, HR and RPP were measured after 2 weeks and just after (5 min) acute cigarette smoke (tail plethysmograph). All parameters did not differ (P > 0.05) between TEx (RPP = 45018 ± 1970 mmHg/bpm) and CEx (43695 ± 2579 mmHg/bpm) after ET protocol. However, all cardiovascular parameters increased (P < 0.05) only for CEx just after the cigarette smoke exposure. We concluded that ET can attenuate the aggression from acute smoking to cardiovascular system, with a few days of training and even with no chronic effect on these parameters at basal condition.

DOI: 10.4077/CJP.2014.BAC220

Cite this paper

@article{S2014TrainingAC, title={Training and cardiovascular responses from cigarette smoke exposure.}, author={Felipe Gonçalves dos Santos de S{\'a} and Gustavo Ribeiro da Mota and Paula Grippa Sant'Ana and M{\'a}rcia Regina Holanda da Cunha and M. Marocolo and Edson Castardeli}, journal={The Chinese journal of physiology}, year={2014}, volume={57 6}, pages={315-9} }