Trail pheromone of the red imported fire antSolenopsis invicta (Buren)

@article{Williams2005TrailPO,
  title={Trail pheromone of the red imported fire antSolenopsis invicta (Buren)},
  author={Howard J. Williams and Morten R. Strand and S. Bradleigh. Vinson},
  journal={Experientia},
  year={2005},
  volume={37},
  pages={1159-1160}
}
Z,Z,Z-Allofarnesene (2Z, 4Z, 6Z)-2,6,10-trimethyl-2, 4, 6, 10-dodecatetraene) was identified as the trail pheromone of the red imported fire ant by comparing chromatographic and spectral properties of the pheromone obtained from ant Dufour's glands with those of synthetic compounds. 
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References

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Triolein has been identified as the major brood-tending pheromone isolated from the sexual brood of the imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren. Workers respond by rapidly picking up filter-paperExpand
α-Farnesene, Dufour's gland secretion in the ant Aphaenogaster longiceps (F.Sm. )
Abstract The isolation and characterization of α-farnesene (III) from Dufour's (accessory venom) gland in the myrmicine ant, Aphaenogaster longiceps (F.Sm.) is reported.
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TLDR
The specificity of the trail pheromones of four Solenopsis species was determined using natural trails, and purified fractions from Dufour's gland extracts collected after gas-chromatographic separation, to find that S. richteri and S. invicta possess species-specific major trail phersomones. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
Recruitment in mass foraging is organized almost exclusively by the use of the trail substance, which is secreted by Dufpur's gland and released through the extruded sting, a powerful attractant which excites workers and draws them out of the nest in the direction indicated by the trail. Expand
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TLDR
Using a dye technique, the distribution of sugar, oil, and protein food sources among the colony of Solenopsis saevissima richteri Ford was studied and larvae received the greatest percentage of the oil. Expand
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