Trail Making Test, Part B as a Measure of Executive Control: Validation Using a Set-Switching Paradigm

@article{Arbuthnott2000TrailMT,
  title={Trail Making Test, Part B as a Measure of Executive Control: Validation Using a Set-Switching Paradigm},
  author={Katherine D. Arbuthnott and Janis Frank},
  journal={Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology},
  year={2000},
  volume={22},
  pages={518 - 528}
}
Recent controversy surrounds the use of the Trail Making Test as a measure of cognitive flexibility, given that the Trail Making Test, Part B (TMT-B) also differs from Part A (TMT-A) in factors of motor control and perceptual complexity. The present study compared performance in the TMT and a set-switching task in order to test the assumption that cognitive flexibility is captured in TMT-B performance. Set-switching tasks have low motor and perceptual selection demands, and therefore provide a… 

Emphasizing speed or accuracy in an eye-tracking version of the Trail-Making-Test: Towards experimental diagnostics for decomposing executive functions

The Trail-Making-Test (TMT) is one of the most widely used neuropsychological tests for assessing executive functions, the brain functions underlying cognitively controlled thought and action.

Construct validity of the Trail Making Test: Role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/interference control, and visuomotor abilities

The results suggest that T MT-A requires mainly visuoperceptual abilities, TMT-B reflects primarily working memory and secondarily task-switching ability, while B-A minimizes visu operceptual and working memory demands, providing a relatively pure indicator of executive control abilities.

Construct validity of the Trail Making Test , 1 Construct validity of the Trail Making Test : role of task-switching , working memory , inhibition / interference control and visuo-motor abilities

word count: 176 Manuscript word count: 4.165 Sánchez-Cubillo, Construct validity of the Trail Making Test, 2 ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to clarify which cognitive mechanisms underlie Trail

The Trail Making Test, Part B: Cognitive Flexibility or Ability to Maintain Set?

Preliminary support is provided for TMT Part B performance being more sensitive to cognitive flexibility than ability to maintain set (operationalized as Wisconsin Card Sorting Test [WCST], percent perseverative errors) than abilityto maintain set.

Psychometric Characteristics and Practice Effects of the Brunswick Trail Making Test

It is concluded that training effects of perceptual-motor and cognitive skills are highly specific and implications of these findings for cognitive neurorehabilitation are discussed.

A Dissociation of Attention, Executive Function and Reaction to Difficulty: Development of the MindPulse Test, a Novel Digital Neuropsychological Test for Precise Quantification of Perceptual-Motor Decision-Making Processes

The ability to measure four axes of the speed-precision trade-off inherent in a subject’s fundamental decision making: perceptual-motor speed, executive speed, subject accuracy, and reaction to difficulty is provided.

Component Processes and Neural Substrates of Set-shifting

Set-shifting was significantly associated with the volume of the right rostral middle frontal gyrus, however, after controlling for component processes no significant associations were found between set-sh shifting and gray matter volumes.

Lowering the Floor on Trail Making Test Part B: Psychometric Evidence for a New Scoring Metric.

  • S. CorreiaD. Ahern S. Deoni
  • Psychology
    Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
  • 2015
A new TMT-B efficiency metric is proposed designed to capture clinically relevant performance variability below the standard administration floor and has concurrent validity, permits statistical analysis of performances that fall below the test floor, and captures clinicallyrelevant performance variability missed by alternative methods.

The Trail Making Test

Normative tables according to significant factors such as age, education level, and sex were created, and measures of visual scanning, graphomotor speed, and visuomotor processing speed were more related to the performance of the TMT-A score, while working memory and inhibition control were mainly associated with the T MT-B and derived TMT scores.

The Use of Variants of the Trail Making Test in Serial Assessment

The construct validity of three variants of the Trail Making Test was investigated using 162 undergraduate psychology students. During a 3-week period, the Trail Making Test of the Delis—Kaplan
...

References

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