Trail Communication During Foraging and Recruitment in the Subterranean Termite Reticulitermes santonensis De Feytaud (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae)

  title={Trail Communication During Foraging and Recruitment in the Subterranean Termite Reticulitermes santonensis De Feytaud (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae)},
  author={Judith Reinhard and Manfred Kaib},
  journal={Journal of Insect Behavior},
The search for food in the French subterranean termite Reticulitermes santonensis De Feytaud is organized in part by chemical trails laid with the secretion of their abdominal sternal gland. Trail-laying and -following behavior of R. santonensis was investigated in bioassays. During foraging for food termites walk slowly (on average, 2.3 mm/s) and lay a dotted trail by dabbing the abdomen at intervals on the ground. When food is discovered they return at a quick pace (on average, 8.9 mm/s) to… 

Dynamics of Foraging and Recruitment Behavior in the Asian Subterranean Termite Coptotermesgestroi (Rhinotermitidae)

The present study investigated the trail-following behavior of the subterranean termite Coptotermes gestroi under laboratory conditions and showed that workers were the first to initiate the exploration to the food source, and that scout foragers always laid trail pheromones when entering into unknown territories.

Directional selection by the subterranean termite Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) at tunnel intersections

Subterranean termites construct complicated tunnel networks for foraging below ground. Thus, they often encounter tunnel intersections during foraging activity. Directional selection by termites at

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The roles of soldier and worker castes of Reticulitermes species within alarm communication and the origin and nature of possible alarm signals are discussed.

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Trail Communication Regulated by Two Trail Pheromone Components in the Fungus-Growing Termite Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki)

The foraging process and trail pheromones of the fungus-growing termite Odontotermes formosanus were systematically studied and monitored in real-time using a combination of techniques, including video analysis, solid-phase microextraction, gas chromatography coupled with either mass spectrometry or an electroantennographic detector, and bioassays.

How Patrollers Set Foraging Direction in Harvester Ants

It is reported that a different process determines foraging direction in the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus, where the patrollers regulate the direction taken by foragers each day by depositing Dufour’s secretions onto a sector of the nest mound about 20 cm long and leading to the beginning of a foraging trail.

Trail Pheromones in Termites

There is a clear difference between composition of trail pheromone in termite species from basal families and from those of more advanced families.

Worker aggression of ant Lasius japonicus enhanced by termite soldier–specific secretion as an alarm pheromone of Reticulitermes speratus

The findings suggest that the soldier–specific secretion might serve as an alarm pheromone in termite chemical communication, in which components recruit soldiers and also warn the other colony members away; and termite communication is eavesdropped on by L. japonicus workers to locate and hunt the termites.



Systematic search for food in the subterranean termite Reticulitermes santonensis De Feytaud (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae)

The search for food in subterranean termites is investigated in the French species Reticulitermes santonensis De Feytaud (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae) by means of short exploratory trails, which form an extensive regularly branched net.

Behavioral evidence for multicomponent trail pheromone in the termite,Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

Evidence is presented for a multicomponent trail pheromone in the eastern subterranean termiteReticulitermes flavipes (Kollar). Choice tests were used to compare strength and persistency of trails

The organisation of collective foraging in the harvester termite Hodotermes mossambicus (Isoptera)

SummaryThe process by which the foragers build up a foraging system between the nest hole and the food source, starting from an initial random distribution, was investigated under conditions of both

Trail-following behavior ofReticulitermes hesperus Banks (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

Termites walking up pheromone gradients proceeded to the high-concentration termini without reversing direction and are thus able to orient along a gradient of trail phersomone by longitudinal klinotaxis.


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Chemical regulation of polyethism during foraging in the neotropical termiteNasutitermes costalis

The soldiers of Nasutitermes costalis communicate information about the presence and location of food by laying chemical trails of sternal gland secretion, and as the number of soldiers contacting food and returning to the nest increases, trail pheromone concentration increases, and workers are recruited.

Behavioural and chemical investigation of trail pheromone from the termite Reticulitermes hesperus Banks (Isopt., Rhinotermitidae)

A single active fraction, eliciting both induction of trail‐following and trail orientation, was isolated by HPLC from dichloromethane extracts of excised fourth and fifth sternites of Reticulitermes hesperus workers, suggesting that different colonies may produce different quantities of trail pheromone.

Isolation of the Scent-trail Pheromone of an Australian Termite

Extracts of the appropriate region, or indeed of the whole insects, could be used to lay artificial trails that were readily followed by the parent termites, however, no clear indication of the chemical nature of the pheromones involved has yet been published.

Trail-following in termites: Evidence for a multicomponent system

Tests of the trail activity of various synthetic alcohols show that among these, the highest sensitivity of termite workers is to (Z)-3-dodecen-1-ol, and it is postulate that, in addition to a generally active trail-pheromone constituent, other species-specific components are present in termite trails.

Interspecific Trail-Following and Evidence of Similarity of Trails of Trinervitermes Species from Different Habitats

Chromatographs of natural trail extracts showed that the main component of the T. bettonianus trail pheromone also occurs in trails of T. gratiosus (and presumably in the other species); this would account for the observed cross-following of trails among these species.