Traffic and related self-driven many-particle systems

  title={Traffic and related self-driven many-particle systems},
  author={Dirk Helbing},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
  • D. Helbing
  • Published 13 December 2000
  • Physics
  • Reviews of Modern Physics
Since the subject of traffic dynamics has captured the interest of physicists, many surprising effects have been revealed and explained. Some of the questions now understood are the following: Why are vehicles sometimes stopped by “phantom traffic jams” even though drivers all like to drive fast? What are the mechanisms behind stop-and-go traffic? Why are there several different kinds of congestion, and how are they related? Why do most traffic jams occur considerably before the road capacity… Expand

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