Traditional difference-score analyses of reasoning are flawed.

@article{Heit2014TraditionalDA,
  title={Traditional difference-score analyses of reasoning are flawed.},
  author={Evan Heit and Caren M. Rotello},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2014},
  volume={131 1},
  pages={75-91}
}
Studies of the belief bias effect in syllogistic reasoning have relied on three traditional difference score measures: the logic index, belief index, and interaction index. Dube, Rotello, and Heit (2010, 2011) argued that the interaction index incorrectly assumes a linear receiver operating characteristic (ROC). Here, all three measures are addressed. Simulations indicated that traditional analyses of reasoning experiments are likely to lead to incorrect conclusions. Two new experiments… CONTINUE READING
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