Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Biodiversity, Resilience and Sustainability

  title={Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Biodiversity, Resilience and Sustainability},
  author={Fikret Berkes and Carl Folke and Madhav Gadgil},
Much of the world’s biodiversity has been in the hands of traditional peoples, societies of hunters and gatherers, herders, fishers, agriculturists, for great many generations. Most living resources of the earth have been utilised for a historically long time; exceptions are few (e.g., open-ocean and deep-sea species). As Gomez-Pompa and Kaus [1990] observed, even tropical forests of the ‘Amazon were not untouched environments but the result of the last cycle of abandonment’ by traditional… 
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