Tradition and Modernity: Misplaced Polarities in the Study of Social Change

@article{Gusfield1967TraditionAM,
  title={Tradition and Modernity: Misplaced Polarities in the Study of Social Change},
  author={J. Gusfield},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={1967},
  volume={72},
  pages={351 - 362}
}
  • J. Gusfield
  • Published 1967
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • "Tradition" and "modernity" are widely used as polar opposites in a linear theory of social change. This theory is examined in the light of Indian and other materials on development. Seven fallacies in this contrast usage are presented. It is incorrect to view traditional societies as static, normatively consist, or structurally homogeneous. The relations between the traditional and the modern do not necessarily involve idsplacement, conflict, or exclusiveness. Modernity does not necessarily… CONTINUE READING
    348 Citations

    Topics from this paper

    References

    SHOWING 1-6 OF 6 REFERENCES
    See the analysis of the Panchayats in my paper on Indian political community, cited above (n. 27); and in Reinhard Bendix
    • 1963
    Swaraj for the People [Varanasi: Ahkhih Bharat Sarva Seva Sangh
    • 1961
    Even in the Swatantra Party, a movement led by an antitraditionalist set of ideologies, its anti-Congress character has drawn to it strong forces of antimodernism (see Howard Erdman
    • Leadership and Political Institutions in India
    • 1960
    This quest for an indigenous form of political democracy is marked in Narayan's writings, as well as in conversation (see Jaya Prakash Narayan, The Dual Revolution
    • 1959
    Hindu Communal Groups in Indian Politics
      Witness the rise of self-conscious rediscovery of Hindi literary tradition. The linguistic and cultural renaissances in many parts of India are postindependence phenomena