Trade-offs in life-history evolution

@article{Stearns1989TradeoffsIL,
  title={Trade-offs in life-history evolution},
  author={Stephen C. Stearns},
  journal={Functional Ecology},
  year={1989},
  volume={3},
  pages={259-268}
}
Trade-offs represent the costs paid in the currency of fitness when a beneficial change in one trait is linked to a detrimental change in another. If there were no trade-offs, then selection would drive all traits correlated with fitness to limits imposed by history and design. However, we find that many life-history traits are maintained well within those limits. Therefore, trade-offs must exist. Trade-offs have played a central role in the development of life-history theory, from Gadgil… Expand

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