Trade in Technological Knowledge and the National Advantage

  title={Trade in Technological Knowledge and the National Advantage},
  author={C. A. Rodr{\'i}guez},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  pages={121 - 135}
The optimal trade and licensing policies for a country which is the only owner of the technology to produce a good are developed in a general-equilibrium two-countries model. The analysis emphasizes the monopolistic position of the owner of the technology, and is essentially static in the sense that no process of generation of new technology is considered. The optimal behavior obtained turns out to entail (a) the full exploitation of any monopoly and/or monopsony power that the owner of the… Expand
Optimal Policy in the Presence of Licensed Technology from Abroad
  • R. Brecher
  • Economics
  • Journal of Political Economy
  • 1982
This paper extends the theory of international trade to analyze optimal commercial policy of a country importing technology for which royalties must be paid to foreigners. As the analysis shows, theExpand
Technology transfer, licensing and the speed of endogenous technological change
Abstract As licensing contracts usually require the licensee firm to purchase tied inputs from the seller of the technology, the licensee firm has an incentive to embark on an R&D program forExpand
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It is found that the welfare gain per unit of revenue raised is maximized for an export tariff on technology transfer, followed by an import tariff on goods, with an export tariff on goods theExpand
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Technology has always been an important issue in international trade theory. Ricardo based his theory of comparative advantage on the existence of ‘relative’ technological differences among tradingExpand
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This paper demonstrates that the welfare of the technology-recipient country can be lower when superior foreign technology is transferred at a more favourable term to a protected sector. It is shownExpand
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Transfer abroad of American technology through the channels of foreign direct investment and licensing has become a focus of increasing concern. The case against technology transfer and the foreignExpand
On the welfare effect of international technology transfer in a two-country Ricardian model
The purpose of this paper is to sketch out what are the consequences of free technology transfer, licensing and foreign direct investment (F.D.I) on the North-South welfare in a two-good, two-countryExpand
Externalities, and technology transfer through multinational corporations A theoretical analysis
Abstract This paper examines the optimal behavior of a multinational firm's subsidiary in a host country when learning of its production techniques by its native rivals occurs. In a dynamicExpand
Chapter 1 The positive theory of international trade
Publisher Summary The theory of international trade is one of the oldest subfields of economics. This chapter provides an overview of the present state of positive trade theory, concentrating onExpand


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I. Introduction, 1. — II. The model, 3. — III. Full optimization and complete specialization, 8. — IV. Full optimization and incomplete specialization, 10. — V. Optimal tax policy with free trade,Expand
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The following sections are included:IntroductionThe ModelThe Equations of ChangeThe Magnification EffectThe Extended Model: Demand EndogenousThe Aggregate Elasticity of SubstitutionConvergence toExpand
The Gains from International Trade and Investment: A Neo Heckscher-Ohlin Approach." A.E.R
  • 1966
The Gains from International Trade and Investment: A Neo Heckscher-Ohlin Approach
  • A.E.R